Initiatives of Change Switzerland
When IofC launches its refreshed brand in January 2018, the CAUX-Initiatives of Change Foundation seizes the opportunity to change its name to Initiatives of Change Switzerland. In November, Christine Beerli, former Vice-President of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), is appointed President of Initiatives of Change Switzerland.
Caux Forum for Human Security
For five years, the Caux Forum for Human Security brings together politicians, diplomats, academics, journalists, fieldworkers, business people and artists to explore the root sources of human security. Initiated and chaired by Ambassador Mohamed Sahnoun, the Forum aims to build a worldwide coalition of conscience which recognizes that building trust at all levels is key to achieving meaningful change.
The FDFA supports the Caux Forum for Human Security since 2018 as a continuation of the operational collaboration in Burundi which began in 2005.
With the approach of the new millennium, the words 'moral re-armament' no longer hold the same resonance as they did in 1938. In 2001 the new name, Initiatives of Change (IofC), is announced to the world's media by the Caux Foundation’s President, Dr Cornelio Sommaruga (former President of the international Red Cross), and Professor Rajmohan Gandhi, grandson of the Mahatma. Dr Sommaruga is elected first President of the International Association of IofC International.
Reconciliation in Burundi
On request of some Burundians, IofC supports their action for peace and reconciliation in Burundi and the African Great Lakes region, in partnership with the FDFA (Swiss foreign ministry). Meetings between government officials and representatives of opposition and rebel groups take place alternately in Caux and on the ground.
50 years of the Caux Conferences
The Caux Conferences mark their 50th anniversary with a three-day event entitled ‘Forging the Future – preparing for the 21st century’. Among those who attend are the Dalai Lama, Cardinal Franz König, former Archbishop of Vienna, Rev Heinrich Rusterholz, President of the Federation of Swiss Protestant Churches, and Rabbi Dr Marc Gopin, Professor of Religion and Conflict Resolution at George Mason University, Washington DC.
Launch of Creators of Peace in Caux
The Creators of Peace (CoP) women's initiative is launched in 1991 in Caux by Anna Abdallah Msekwa, a respected Tanzanian politician and women’s leader. Over the years, CoP expands to become a global network, working to empower women as peace-builders through Creators of Peace Circles, workshops and international conferences.
New opportunities and initiatives
The collapse of Communism triggers new needs and opportunities for the rebuilding of democracy in the post-Soviet world. The first large groups from Central and Eastern Europe come to Caux after the fall of the Berlin Wall. Other initiatives that develop throughout the 90s are Hope in the Cities, launched, following a conference in Caux, to bridge the racial divide in the US; Clean Election Campaigns in Taiwan, Brazil and Kenya; and a continuing concern for the creation of the moral and spiritual infrastructure for development in both rich and poorer nations.
Caux Round Table
Business executives from Japan, the USA and Europe, among them Frederick Phillips, former President of Philips Electronics, and Olivier Giscard d’Estaing, former Vice-Chairman of INSEAD, meet for the first time in Caux and found the Caux Round Table as a means of reducing escalating trade tensions.
With reconciliation a primary need in many parts of the world, much of MRA's work concentrates on supporting peace-making initiatives in Africa and Asia. Between 1977 and 1980, Caux contributes towards work for peace and independence in former Rhodesia, now Zimbabwe.
Minority rights in South Tyrol
Following violent tension between the German speaking-minority and the Italian administration in the province of South Tyrol, a delegation of politicians from both sides hold meetings during the 1968 Caux Conferences. Their encounters contribute to initial steps towards settling the dispute, which is finally resolved in 1992.
When Buchman dies in 1961, the former British political journalist Peter Howard assumes the leadership of MRA, but four years later he too dies. Without a clearly identified leadership to ensure cohesion, unresolved differences among those taking responsibility begin to surface. This leads to splits and spin-offs in the US and some other countries. After a period of uncertainty and dissension, trust is slowly re-established with valuable lessons learned.
In 1953, a young Tunisian nationalist, Mohamed Masmoudi comes to Caux and encounters many French individuals which frees his from his hatred of the French. A few days later, he meets Jean Basdevant, responsible for Tunisian affairs at the French foreign ministry for a meal at the MRA centre in Paris. At a tense time between France and its colony, they develop an unlikely relationship of trust. Both men later become key players in the negotiations which lead to Tunisian independence in 1956.
By the 1950s, casts of plays presenting MRA's ideas are travelling all over the world. Centres are established in Latin America, India, Japan and several countries in Africa. Delegations from North African and West African countries moving towards independence come to Caux.
Franco-German reconciliation in Caux
At a time when any contact between the former adversaries is extremely difficult, Buchman and his colleagues invite Germans to take part in the Caux conferences. Over the next four years growing numbers of Germans and French come to Caux and their encounters become the basis of a massive development in reconciliation. Buchman is later decorated by both the German and French governments for his contribution to European reconciliation. In 1951, German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer writes to Buchman: ‘Moral Re-Armament has played an invisible but effective part in bridging differences of opinion between negotiating parties, and has kept before them the objective of peaceful agreement in the search for the common good which is the true purpose of human life.’
An international conference centre in Caux
On behalf of Moral-Re-Armament, Philippe Mottu and Robert Hahnloser sign the contract to buy the run-down former Caux-Palace Hotel. Hundreds of Swiss citizens give money, time and work to make this purchase possible and to transform the building into an international conference centre. The first conferences take place that summer and the Caux Foundation is established in the autumn.
‘Caux is the place’
In the thick of the war, a young Swiss diplomat, Philippe Mottu, writes, ‘If Switzerland is spared by the war, our task will be to make available for Moral Re-armament a place where Europeans, torn apart by hatred, suffering and resentment, can come together. Caux is the place.’
As European nations re-arm for war, Buchman calls for 'moral and spiritual re-armament' as the way to build a 'hate-free, fear-free, greed-free world'. Following World War II, Moral Re-Armament (MRA), as it becomes known, launches a programme of moral and spiritual reconstruction to foster change in private and public life based on a change in motivation and character.
Buchman encourages people to seek God's wisdom in regular times of silence and reflection and to adopt universal moral values as a benchmark for their lives. He describes Moral Re-Armament as the good road upon which people of all faiths and none can unite.
The Oxford Group
Buchman's experience in 1908 inspires his work in American universities and in Asia. He becomes convinced that personal change is possible and can be a catalyst for change in society. His ideas take root at Oxford and his work becomes known as the 'Oxford Group'.